Physical Literacy

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Keep Active, Stay Healthy & Improve Physical Literacy

Being active is an important part of physical and mental health and regular activity can improve quality of life. Here are some games, activities and tips on how to exercise, develop physical literacy and stay healthy as a family during this time.

What is Physical Literacy?

Physical literacy is the motivation, confidence, physical competence, knowledge and understanding to value and take responsibility for engagement in physical activities for life.
(International Physical Literacy Association)

Fun Activities for Families 

GoGirlGo Parents' Guide
55 Activities for Kids
Appetite to Play
YMCA - YGym Virtual Physical Activity for Kids
BOKS Kids Canada
49 Fun physical activities to do with kids ages 2 to 4
Cosmic Kids Yoga YubeTube Channel
Sidewalk Chalk Games

Who is it for?

Everyone benefits from physical literacy! The City of Richmond is targeting children two to 12 year olds as these ages are ideal for children to develop fundamental movement skills.

Why is it Important?

A variety of acquired movement skills lead to an increase in confidence, participation, enjoyment and opportunities to connect and socialize. These skills are the foundation for an active life.

Goal of the Physical Literacy Initiative

Every child in Richmond two to 12 years old will have the opportunity to develop both physical literacy and games literacy.

Physical Literacy Web Photo 1

Physical Literacy Myth

Not all children will automatically become physically literate and acquire the skills needed to participate in a variety of games and sports. Although some children will seek out and develop some of their skills on their own from the opportunities provided to them, many are not provided those same opportunities, most likely resulting in stopping their physical activities when they are no longer able to keep up.

Fundamental Movement Skills

These basic movement skills are taught through games and activities that engage and motivate children to continue in an activity. While these basic skills are fun in nature, they also serve the purpose of teaching the essential skills required as a foundation for more complex physical activities and sports. It is important that all children develop a good base of these skills before puberty to optimize both future performance and lifelong activity. The City of Richmond is currently promoting 25 Fundamental Movement Skills, which children can learn, develop and practice at City facilities and in the community.

6 Key Fundamental Skills

The City of Richmond has highlighted these six fundamental movement skills that are strategic for children to develop. These movement skills will help them develop additional movements and sport skills that will give children the confidence to participate in a variety of games, activities and sports or engage in active free play.
6 Key Fundamental Movement Skills

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City of Richmond Recreation & Sport Strategy

The Recreation and Sport Strategy mandates a new direction in the goals and visions of Richmond’s community-based activity programs. The vision of the strategy is: “Richmond is a leader in the planning and delivery of recreation and sport opportunities, inspiring individuals and communities to be active, connected and healthy for a life time.”

It envisions the community of Richmond as a Sport For Life model for Canada and the world. “Every individual in Richmond, regardless of age, will be physically literate and have the fundamental movement and sport performance skills to enjoy sport and physical activity to the best of their ability.”

Physical Literacy Web Photo 3In order to achieve these goals, the Recreation and Sport Strategy is built upon the philosophy and framework of the Canadian Sport for Life Long Team Athlete Development (LTAD) model.


The Recreation and Sport Strategy (2019-2024) Progress Update, released in October 2021, highlights the accomplishments of the City’s Recreation and Sport Services Department, in collaboration with its Community Associations and Societies and community sport organizations, and the progress made on the strategy’s action plan. Browse the Progress Update Report to learn about the many different ways the recreation and sport community in Richmond is increasing access and opportunities for residents to meet their physical activity goals.

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Live 5-2-1-0 Playbox

Live 5-2-1-0 Playboxes offer parents and caregivers new ideas on how to play with their kids supplying the necessary games and sports equipment and providing unlimited access and opportunity for families to get outdoors and engage with other families through active play. Playboxes help to enhance environments and remove some of the barriers to access for active outdoor play, as well as foster social connectedness. Check out the Live 5-2-1-0 web page for more information and where to find Playboxes in Richmond.

Learn More

Need more information or just want to learn more about Physical Literacy? Check out the list of informative links below.

City of Richmond Resources

Physical Literacy Fact Sheet
Recreation and Sport Strategy
Physical Literacy Aquatics Diagram
Physical Literacy Arenas Diagram
Physical Literacy Skills Diagram
Physical Literacy Activity Guide
Physical Literacy Activities at Home

Canada Sport for Life Resources

Movement Preparation Poster
Movement Preparation Guide
Canada Sport for Life Website
Canada Sport for Life - What is Physical Literacy
Canada Sport for Life - Facing COVID-19 Together

Helpful Resources

Link to YouTube
OPHEA YouTube videos on Physical Literacy
Healthy Opportunities for Preschoolers
Canadian Physical Activities Guidelines
Active Schools BC
Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute
PHE Canada
Active for Life
FREE APP for Active Kids
Women's Sport Foundation