Guidelines for Buildings

Multiple-Family Building Guidelines

The City of Richmond requires all multi-family residential and mixed-use buildings to have adequate storage for garbage and recycling. These storage areas must meet Building Code Regulations section 3.6.2.

The following guidelines have been compiled from various sources for the information of Richmond residents, and may not be complete and accurate in every detail. This is not a legal document. Anyone planning to build or renovate should consult original sources.

Extract from Building Code

Combustible Refuse Storage
3.6.2.5 Except as required in Sentence 3.6.3.3.(9), a room for storage of combustible refuse shall be

a) separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation with a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1 h, and

b) sprinklered.
3.6.3.3.(9) A refuse chute shall discharge only into a room or bin separated from the remainder of the building and a fire separation with a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h.
A-3.6.2.5.(1) Combustible Refuse Storage
Storage of refuse consisting of combustible materials including waste paper, cardboard and plastic, and noncombustible materials such as glass and metallic containers can be accumulated in these room for the purpose of recycling.  This storage is allowed in consideration of a less stringent collection schedule when compared to that of garbage or refuse, which is collected regularly.
Garbage
1.0 Collection

Garbage collection facilities are required to be in place prior to occupancy.
1.1 Basic requirements

Minimum of one (1) garbage container, serviced once per week. General guideline is one (1) container for every 15 to 40 units.
1.2 Container Sizes (Reference: PDF Document Figure 1)

The container size and inside measurement are:

Size
(cu. yd.)
Measurements
Height Length Width
3 1.22 m (4') 1.07 m (3.5') 1.83 m (6')
4 1.22 m (4') 1.37 m (4.5') 1.83 m (6')
6 1.52 m (5') 1.68 m (5.5') 1.83 m (6')
Add 15.2 cm (8") to the width for the metal brackets. If container is on wheels, an additional height of 12.7 cm - 15.24 cm (5" - 6 ") is required.
1.3 Container Access (Reference: PDF Document Figure 1)

Loaded from top. Resident is responsible for placing garbage in container. Minimum added clearance height of 1.02 (3.3') is required for container lid opening (3 yard container).
1.4 Collection Access

Collector will retrieve container from storage location where access is provided. If container is located within a secured parking area, provide security access codes or device to the collection company.
1.5 Truck Access (Reference: PDF Document Figure 2 & PDF Document Figure 3)

Collection vehicles are:

Measurement
Height Length Width
4.27 m (14') 10.67 m (25') 2.74 m (9')
and require a turning radius of 18.3 m (60'). A minimum added clearance height of 2.44 m (8') from front to middle of vehicle is required for emptying the container.
1.6 Container Weight (Reference: PDF Document Figure 1)

The container weight is:

Size (cu. yd.) Weight
3 204 kg (450 lbs)
4 227 kg (500 lbs)
6 318 kg (700 lbs)
1.7 Garbage Weight

Approximately 61.24 kg (135 lbs) per cu. yd. (exclusive of container weight).
1.8 Cost

Private arrangement between building management and collector (if over 20 units). If 20 units and under, curb side collection service is provided by the City (if collection is possible) and the cost is recovered on the water, sewer and garbage utility.
Recycling (blue cart)
2.0 Collection

Building management is responsible for contacting City's Environmental Programs Department at 604-233-3318 or email Emy Lai at wmguidelines@richmond.ca upon occupancy to install recycling depot.
2.1 Basic requirements

Minimum of one (1) recycling depot area per building, serviced once per week. Each depot area requires three (3) carts and number of cart increase by one (1) container for every 7 units, i.e. a 40 units will require 6 carts.
2.2 Depot Location

In garbage area (room), within a reasonable distance (suggested 1.52 m (5')) from garbage container for loading purposes.
2.3 Container Size (Reference: PDF Document Figure 4)

The container size and measurement are:

Recycling Carts Size Measurement
Height Width Diameter
360 litres (95 gallon) 118.11 cm (46.5") 71.12 cm (28") 78.74 cm (31")
2.4 Container Access (Reference: PDF Document Figure 4)

Loaded from top. Resident is responsible for placing recyclables in container. Minimum added clearance height of 81.3 cm (32") is required for container lid opening.
2.5 Unit Containers (Reference: PDF Document Figure 4)

Individual units have a:

Receptacle (Bag) Height Width Diameter
Blue Bag 43.18 cm (17") 48.26 cm (19") 15.24 cm (6")
2.6 Collection Access

Collector will retrieve container from storage location where access is provided. If container is located within a secured parking area, provide security access codes or device to the collection company.
2.7 Truck Access (Reference: PDF Document Figure 3 & PDF Document Figure 5)

Collection vehicles are:

Measurement
Height Length Width
4.27 m (14') 10.67 m (25') 2.74 m (9')
and require a turning radius of 18.3 m (60'). A minimum added clearance width of 1.52 m (5') and height of 1.52 m (5') from vehicle side to top is required for emptying the containers.
2.8 Cost

Cost is assessed by the City to individual unit owners as part of the water, sewer and garbage utility.
2.9 Recyclables Banned from Garbage

Blue cart recyclables are banned from garbage.
Cardboard
3.0 Collection

Cardboard collection facilities are required to be in place prior to occupancy.
3.1 Basic requirements

Minimum of one (1) cardboard container, serviced once per week. General guideline is one (1) container for every 20 to 40 units.
3.2 Container Sizes (Reference: PDF Document Figure 1)

The container size and inside measurement are:

Size
(cu. yd.)
Measurement
Height Length Width
3 1.22 m (4') 1.07 m (3.5') 1.83 m (6')
4 1.22 m (4') 1.37 m (4.5') 1.83 m (6')
6 1.52 m (5') 1.68 m (5.5') 1.83 m (6')
Add 15.2 cm (8") to the width for the metal brackets. If container is on wheels, an additional height of 12.7 cm - 15.24 cm (5" - 6 ") is required.
3.3 Container Access (Reference: PDF Document Figure 1)

Loaded from top or through a front slot. Resident is responsible for placing cardboard in container. Minimum added clearance height of 1.02 (3.3') is required for container lid opening (3 yard container).
3.4 Collection Access

Collector will retrieve container from storage location where access is provided. If container is located within a secured parking area, provide security access codes or device to the collection company.
3.5 Truck Access (Reference: PDF Document Figure 2 & PDF Document Figure 3)

Collection vehicles are:

Measurement
Height Length Width
4.27 m (14') 10.67 m (25') 2.74 m (9')
and require a turning radius of 18.3 m (60'). A minimum added clearance height of 2.44 m (8') from front to middle of vehicle is required for emptying the container.
3.6 Container Weight (Reference: PDF Document Figure 1)

The container weight is:

Size (cu. yd.) Weight
3 135 kg (300 lbs)
4 180 kg (400 lbs)
6 270 kg (600 lbs)
3.7 Cardboard Weight

Approximately 45 kg (100 lbs) per cu. yd. (exclusive of container weight).
3.8 Cost

Private arrangement between building management and collector.
Figures 1 to 5
Clearance for Garbage and Recycling Trucks