Richmond was incorporated as a municipality November 10, 1879. Richmond was designated as a City on December 3, 1990.
Richmond's islands were built up and shaped by the mighty Fraser River and it is the river that has shaped our growth. The fishery and the rich delta soil provided by the river has been the basis for our economy and industrial development. Richmond's history is rooted in fishing, agriculture, shipping, aviation, and later in manufacturing, service and technological industries.
Richmond is a land of many peoples. First Nations people were the first to come to the islands to fish and collect berries. The Coast Salish bands were known to have set up temporary camps, and they are said to have had year long dwellings on the islands which were scattered and moved from year to year. There are also reports of villages that existed at one time near Steveston and on Sea Island.
The first European settlers to this area were farmers in the 1860's. The pattern of early settlement was oriented to the river, since it was easier to get around by boat than to cross the low-lying, often boggy interior areas of Lulu Island. The Fraser River also provided transport access to Richmond from the nearby City of New Westminster.
Although the nature of the islands at the mouth of the Fraser suggests they were ideal locations for farms, farming was not easy; clearing, dyking and, in some cases, draining the land was a major task that had to be dealt with before the main work of farming could begin. Once begun, the diversity of agriculture was remarkable. In addition to grain and feed crops, vegetable and berry growing was highly successful. Perhaps the two facets of local agriculture of greatest renown were dairying and berry growing, the latter of which remains important to this day. Two berry crops in particular, blueberries and cranberries, thrive in the more peaty soil of central and eastern Lulu Island.
The need to build dykes was a significant factor in causing the early settlers to petition the Lieutenant Governor-in-Council to grant status as a municipality to Richmond in 1879. Local government was a necessity if dykes, roads, bridges and other services were to be developed and maintained. This early start means that Richmond is seven years older than our neighbouring city, Vancouver.
The abundance of the fishery attracted many more people to our shores. From the early 1880's Richmond's fishing fleets brought their catches home to be processed in one of the numerous canneries that sprang up all along the river. This industry did more than bring fish to market. Related industries such as boat-building also thrived.
The vitality of the fishing industry attracted Japanese fishermen to Richmond, adding not just to the industry but to the richness of our community as a whole. The growing cannery and boat building industries brought more migrant workers to the area. Among these were first nations people and the Chinese contract workers who originally came to British Columbia to build the railway. Steveston, in particular, became the centre of the fishing industry, gaining international fame for the quality and bounty of its canned salmon. Despite the pressures of changing times, Steveston has survived as a unique, diverse community that maintains strong ties with the sea.
Richmond continues to attract in-migration from many other countries and from other parts of Canada, recent migration has been most notably from China and Hong Kong. Our cultural diversity has enriched our City and made Richmond an exciting place to live.
Richmond is often seen as a new community because it has seen such dramatic growth over the last few decades, but you do not have to look far to see the factors that have shaped our history. The land, the river and the sea made Richmond unique over a century ago, and that is still true today.
Richmond was, and is, the centre of aviation in British Columbia. The first flight in B.C. was made on March 25, 1910, from Minoru Racetrack. The first airport for Vancouver was on Richmond' s Lulu Island. Not much more than a grass field and some small service buildings near what is now Alexandra Road and Garden City Way, the airport remained there until the move to Richmond's Sea Island in 1931.
In recent history the airport has been a major factor in Richmond's ongoing development. Proximity to the airport has helped attract a large number of manufacturing and high technology industries to Richmond. Vancouver International Airport has become an important gateway between Canada and other Pacific Rim countries.
Who or What was Richmond Named For?
There are four theories as to how the City of Richmond, in British Columbia, got its name.
One is that it was named after the Township of Richmond in Ontario from which three of the signers of the petition to incorporate the Township of Richmond came.
Another is that it was named after "Richmond View", a ranch in Australia where one of the first settlers had lived.
A third is that it was named after an area in Australia near the aforementioned ranch. The last is that it was named after a town or county in England.
Unfortunately members of the first municipal government (formed in 1879) did not leave any written confirmation of how the new town got its name. Subsequent research and information donated from the first settlers here, have revealed connections with counties and towns named "Richmond" in Australia, Ontario and England.Other Information Sources
To learn more about Richmond's history, visit our Museum, Archives, and heritage sites or obtain a copy of "Richmond Child of the Fraser" at our local Library or purchase a copy from the Richmond Archives.